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Causes and Symptoms of Depression
Causes and Symptoms of Depression
There are several causes of depression. Stressful events in the person’s life may trigger a depression episode. In addition to the stressors listed above, traumatic events such as losing a loved one, divorce, or illness can contribute to a depressed state. The individual’s personality traits, including certain genes and early life experiences, may also contribute to depression. In addition to these, a depressed state is more likely to be hereditary.
There are standardized screening tools to diagnose depression, such as the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9). In fact, most physicians use this tool to assess a patient’s depression level. It’s used widely in primary care settings, where most patients are treated. But Hillman argues that the idea that depression is a disorder demonizes the state of being depressed. The DSM tends to “reify” the state of mind.
To diagnose depression, you need to experience at least 5 of these symptoms consistently for at least two weeks. Symptoms of depression are different from those of mild sadness or boredom. Although you may feel down or unmotivated from time to time, depression is more persistent and has a biological basis. Depression is a debilitating condition that can affect your physical and social functioning. Without proper treatment, it can lead to a worsening situation.
The main symptoms of depression can vary depending on severity. A severe case of depression may be associated with hallucinations and delusions. Moderate depression is often more common in women. Studies have suggested that hormonal factors may contribute to the higher rate of depression among women, particularly during their menstrual cycles, pregnancy, and pre-menopause. For a more complete diagnosis, you should see a doctor. The goal of therapy is to alleviate the symptoms of depression.
The American Psychiatric Association (APA) lists the criteria for depression in its DSM-5. Your doctor may check your symptoms against the DSM criteria if you’re concerned that they may indicate dementia. If your symptoms persist for more than two weeks, you should consult a doctor, who may be able to diagnose you with depression. If the doctor suspects a serious condition, the physician can make a referral to a mental health professional.
Symptoms of depression include feeling sad or hopeless, feeling hopeless or worthless, unable to focus on tasks, difficulty sleeping, poor performance in school, and having trouble making decisions. Additionally, teens with depression may become irritable, lose their appetite, or even self-harm. If you suspect that your child is suffering from depression, it’s a good idea to call a mental health professional. It’s never too late to seek treatment. You can talk to a trusted adult or call 911 to speak to a mental health professional.
One of the reasons why a person develops depression may be due to genetics. While the genetics of individuals are a major cause of depression, there are other factors that influence its development. People with bipolar disorder and depressive disorders are considered disabilities by the Social Security Administration. If you’ve been working for a few years and are still unable to work because of depression, you may be eligible for social security disability insurance benefits. A good treatment for depression may be a big help in your recovery.