When people often talk about narcissism (NPD), the tendency is to imagine it in it’s most extreme and most easily recognizable form. But psychology actually says that there are two “faces” to narcissism: one grandiose and exhibitionist (called “overt narcissism”) and another vulnerable and sensitive (known as covert narcissism”).
At first glance, you probably wouldn’t even realize someone is a covert narcissist because of how much more reserved in nature they seem to be than their overt counterparts. But make no mistake, a covert narcissist is still a narcissist, and they can be every bit as manipulative, exploitative, ruthless, and inconsiderate. Here are a few signs.
Here are a few ways to outsmart a narcissist:
DISCLAIMER: This video is intended for educational purposes only and should not be used to diagnose anyone. If you have been affected or been the victim of narcissistic behavior or abuse, please speak to somebody you trust or seek professional support.
Writer: Chloe Avenasa
Script Editor: Vanessa Tao
Script Manager: Kelly Soong
VO: Amanda Silvera (https://www.youtube.com/amandasilvera)
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Atlas, G. D., & Them, M. A. (2008). Narcissism and sensitivity to criticism: A preliminary investigation. Current psychology, 27(1), 62.
Luchner, A. F., Houston, J. M., Walker, C., & Houston, M. A. (2011). Exploring the relationship between two forms of narcissism and competitiveness. Personality and Individual Differences, 51(6), 779-782.
Rohmann, E., Neumann, E., Herner, M. J., & Bierhoff, H. W. (2012). Grandiose and vulnerable narcissism: Self-construal, attachment, and love in romantic relationships. European Psychologist, 17(4), 279.
Smolewska, K., & Dion, K. (2005). Narcissism and adult attachment: A multivariate approach. Self and Identity, 4(1), 59-68.
Depression Symptoms and Treatment
Depression Symptoms and Treatment
If you think you are suffering from depression, the first step is seeking professional help. While the most effective treatment options will depend on the individual, there are some common tips for those with varying levels of depression. Getting help is important because you will likely feel better if you have someone to confide in. You may feel as though you will never enjoy the same activities you used to, but this is not the case. Doing things that you enjoy, such as spending time with friends and family, will make you feel better. Then, gradually, you can enjoy them.
A psychiatric evaluation includes a physical exam and lab tests that may reveal a diagnosis of depression. You will also be asked about your symptoms and your thoughts, feelings, and behavior patterns. You may also be asked to complete a questionnaire. The American Psychiatric Association’s DSM-5 has guidelines for diagnosing depression. During your evaluation, your doctor will recommend treatments based on your specific symptoms and medical history. Choosing the right treatment for you is essential to your overall health and well-being.
It is important to see a mental health provider to be properly diagnosed and treated. Although depression is common among women, men are not immune to the effects of the disease. Early diagnosis is key to recovery. In many cases, a healthcare professional will be able to make a diagnosis based on a mental health examination, medical history, and other factors. You should also seek counseling if you believe that you suffer from depression. However, it is important to remember that your depression symptoms may be due to a medical condition.
The causes of depression are complex. However, experts believe that chemical imbalances in the brain cause the condition. Other factors may affect the risk of suicide after depression. Behavioral, social, and psychological factors can contribute to a person’s risk of developing depression. In addition to stress, genetics and the use of certain medications and substances may increase the risk of suicide. So, it is important to understand the different types of depression so that you can get help for the best treatment.
A balanced diet, physical activity, and plenty of rest are also key components of a healthy life. Taking supplements may be a good choice if your depression is severe, but make sure to talk to your doctor if your symptoms worsen. If you have not already sought treatment for depression, you can also try alternative medicines and complementary therapies, which are often referred to as integrative medicine. It is important to note, though, that alternative treatments are not a substitute for medical care, and should never be used in place of it.
If you suspect you suffer from depression, your doctor may prescribe an antidepressant to help you overcome your symptoms. These medicines work by changing certain chemicals in your brain. They should be taken consistently for four to six weeks. While they work well for some people, others might need a change in medicine or even a complete replacement. If you want to avoid the risks of discontinuing medicine, work with your healthcare provider. You can also seek counseling, which can help you identify distorted views of yourself and other people. Using therapy may help you understand the causes of your depression.